Hydrogen Energy Storage and Renewable Hydrogen

The Hydrogen Energy Storage Sector Action Group seeks to educate stakeholders, mainly policymakers, by providing information and resources on hydrogen energy storage technology, in support of CPUC Energy Storage decisions and California’s strong renewable energy goals, which can be cost-effectively reached with reliable storage technology.

The SAG is led by Chair Steve Jones, ITM Power, and Vice Chair Jack Brouwer, APEP at UC Irvine.

The Hydrogen Energy Storage Committee works in support of the following main objectives:

  • Achieve awareness of the option of hydrogen for energy storage with California regulatory bodies, state agencies, legislators and other decision makers
  • Build the analytical understanding of the role that hydrogen can play in managing increasing penetrations of renewable energy
  • Build relationships with key California and national stakeholder groups that can help build awareness of the role of HES
  • Enable the eligibility of hydrogen in existing funding vehicles and develop new mechanisms, where appropriate, for state support of HES in member driven projects and for expansion of CHBC HES capability,  including SGIP and EPIC

The SAG identified the following activities for 2018:

Activity 1: Seek to ensure that state-sponsored modeling tools such as the RESOLVE model (CPUC) and PATHWAYS (ARB) have the data needed to evaluate power-to-gas and other relevant hydrogen pathways.

Activity 2: Ensure that hydrogen-based products remain part of the implementation of SB 1383, in which the legislature explicitly directed the Energy Commission to look at “renewable gas” to include agency consideration of electrolyzer-produced renewable hydrogen.

Activity 3: Influence the CPUC and, where appropriate, the CAISO and the FERC to ensure that P2G facilities producing fuel are eligible for wholesale or low rate retail electricity rates inclusive of T&D, standby and all other charges.

Activity 4: Ensure that all relevant renewable and low-carbon hydrogen production pathways are reflected as approved pathways under the LCFS.

Activity 5: Engage with the CAISO in developing market mechanisms that allow electrolyzers to fully monetize their value in providing grid services such as ramping and regulation.

Activity 6: Advocate the creation of a framework that allows gas utilities to procure and recover in rates renewable gas, including hydrogen, along with associated renewable attributes including the authority to sell the renewable attributes if financially beneficial to ratepayers.

Activity 7: Complete the development of member and industry consensus on the definition of renewable hydrogen as well as develop a certification model to accurately capture renewable hydrogen properties and production.

Activity 8: Advocate for hydrogen pipeline projects and continue to advocate for P2G (natural gas injection) projects.

Activity 9: Ask for funding from DOE for Commercial Demonstration in CA – not just R&D funds.

Activity 10: Advocate for renewable hydrogen from waste (solid and gaseous feedstocks) as a production pathway

Activity 11: Secure California funding for RH2 production to help the deficit CA is predicting for renewable hydrogen production for vehicle fuel (26t/day by 2023)

Activity 12: Advocate for dedicated funding for large-scale renewable hydrogen production facilities in California to improve economies of scale and meet renewable hydrogen demand from fueling stations.

Activity 13: Support efforts to inject hydrogen into the natural gas grid and advocate for pipelines as an energy storage component.

Activity 14: Work with key agencies to require using a percentage of renewable hydrogen in oil refining, e.g. with ARB on LCFS changes.

Activity 15: Develop a strategy for ensuring the CCA’s include hydrogen in their resource strategies.

Activity 16: Develop an understanding of the future increase of renewable hydrogen (mandated or otherwise) to compete with renewable electricity messaging.


Further Reading

The White Paper is available here >>
Background 2013 marked the inaugural year for the Hydrogen Energy Storage (HES) Committee. The Committee, was created to address the increasingly important role energy storage will play in the state’s future energy mix. HES has the potential to become a significant business opportunity in California, as the state moves to an ever increasing use of renewable energy, currently set for 33% by 2020. Recognition for the unique role that hydrogen energy storage can play is the focus of that work, by helping to manage the intermittency of the dominant renewables, in addition to broader grid management. The most recent milestone includes the release of the white paper on power to gas: “Power-To-Gas: The Case for Hydrogen,” outlining the feasibility and economics of energy storage solutions using hydrogen and methane as energy carriers. Among many other actions, the Group is currently, most notably, involved in the CPUC’s Rulemaking 15-03-011, which is concerning the policy and implementation refinements to the Energy Storage Procurement Framework and Design Program (D.13-10-040, D.14-10-045) and related Action Plan of the California Energy Storage Roadmap.